Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) project cohort of newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes: a cohort profile.
Christensen DH., Nicolaisen SK., Berencsi K., Beck-Nielsen H., Rungby J., Friborg S., Brandslund I., Christiansen JS., Vaag A., Sørensen HT., Nielsen JS., Thomsen RW.
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to provide a detailed description of the ongoing nationwide Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) project cohort and biobank. The DD2 cohort continuously enrols newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) throughout Denmark. The overall goal of the DD2 project is to establish a large and data-rich T2D cohort that can serve as a platform for exhaustive T2D research including (1) improved genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of T2D, (2) intervention studies of more individualised T2D treatment, (3) pharmacoepidemiological studies and (4) long-term follow-up studies on predictors of T2D complications and prognosis. PARTICIPANTS: Between 2010 and 2016, 7011 individuals with T2D have been enrolled and assessed at baseline. Information collected include interview data (eg, body weight at age 20 years, physical activity and alcohol consumption), clinical examination data (eg, hip-waist ratio and resting heart rate) and biological samples (whole blood, DNA, plasma and urine) stored at -80°C and currently analysed for a range of biomarkers and genotypes. FINDINGS TO DATE: Registry linkage has provided extensive supplemental continuous data on glycosylated haemoglobin A, lipids, albuminuria, blood pressure, smoking habits, body mass index, primary care contacts, hospital diagnoses and procedures, medication use, cancer and mortality. Cross-sectional associations between biomarkers, family history, anthropometric and lifestyle measures and presence of complications at baseline have been reported. FUTURE PLANS: During 2016, a detailed follow-up questionnaire has been answered by 85% of initial participants, providing follow-up information on baseline variables and on presence of diabetic neuropathy. The DD2 cohort has now been followed for a total of 18 862 person-years, and nested intervention trials and follow-up studies are ongoing. In the future, the cohort will serve as a strong national and international resource for recruiting patients to nested case studies, clinical trials, postmarketing surveillance, large-scale genome studies and follow-up studies of T2D complications.