Aberrant P53 expression lacks prognostic or predictive significance in colorectal cancer: results from the VICTOR trial.
McGregor MJ., Fadhil W., Wharton R., Yanagisawa Y., Presz M., Pritchard A., Womack C., Dutton S., Kerr RS., Kerr DJ., Johnstone EC., Ilyas M.
AIM: Biomarkers with prognostic and predictive value can help stratify patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) into appropriate treatment groups. We sought to evaluate the clinical utility of P53 protein expression as a biomarker in VICTOR, a large phase III trial of rofecoxib in stage II and III CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tissue micro arrays were constructed from 884 tumors and the expression of P53 was examined by immunohistochemistry. Tumors were dichotomised as either P53-positive (nuclear expression in >10% of cells or the 'absent' pattern, both representing TP53 mutation) or P53-negative (nuclear expression in <10% of cells). RESULTS: Aberrant P53 expression was found in 65% (482/740) of patients. It was associated with distal location (p<0.001) and stage III disease (p<0.001). No effect was observed on disease-free or overall survival, and there was no interaction with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Analysis of P53 expression in the patients recruited to the VICTOR trial confirmed that P53 expression is associated with site and stage of CRC. However, independently, this biomarker has neither prognostic nor predictive utility in this cohort of patients.